скрыть

скрыть

  Форум  

Delphi FAQ - Часто задаваемые вопросы

| Базы данных | Графика и Игры | Интернет и Сети | Компоненты и Классы | Мультимедиа |
| ОС и Железо | Программа и Интерфейс | Рабочий стол | Синтаксис | Технологии | Файловая система |



Google  
 

Как сохранить значение свойства в поток



Автор: Rick Rogers

How can I save properties of a TList to a stream? I need the entire list to be saved as a whole and not as individual objects.

A TList doesn't have any intrinsic streaming capability built into it, but it is very easy to stream anything that you want with a little elbow grease. Think about it: a stream is data. Classes have properties, whose values are data. It isn't too hard to write property data to a stream. Here's a simple example to get you going. This is but just one of many possible approaches to saving object property data to a stream:

unit uStreamableExample;

interface

uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms, Dialogs,
    StdCtrls, Contnrs;

type
  TStreamableObject = class(TPersistent)
  protected
    function ReadString(Stream: TStream): string;
    function ReadLongInt(Stream: TStream): LongInt;
    function ReadDateTime(Stream: TStream): TDateTime;
    function ReadCurrency(Stream: TStream): Currency;
    function ReadClassName(Stream: TStream): ShortString;
    procedure WriteString(Stream: TStream; const Value: string);
    procedure WriteLongInt(Stream: TStream; const Value: LongInt);
    procedure WriteDateTime(Stream: TStream; const Value: TDateTime);
    procedure WriteCurrency(Stream: TStream; const Value: Currency);
    procedure WriteClassName(Stream: TStream; const Value: ShortString);
  public
    constructor CreateFromStream(Stream: TStream);
    procedure LoadFromStream(Stream: TStream); virtual; abstract;
    procedure SaveToStream(Stream: TStream); virtual; abstract;
  end;

  TStreamableObjectClass = class of TStreamableObject;

  TPerson = class(TStreamableObject)
  private
    FName: string;
    FBirthDate: TDateTime;
  public
    constructor Create(const AName: string; ABirthDate: TDateTime);
    procedure LoadFromStream(Stream: TStream); override;
    procedure SaveToStream(Stream: TStream); override;
    property Name: string read FName write FName;
    property BirthDate: TDateTime read FBirthDate write FBirthDate;
  end;

  TCompany = class(TStreamableObject)
  private
    FName: string;
    FRevenues: Currency;
    FEmployeeCount: LongInt;
  public
    constructor Create(const AName: string; ARevenues: Currency; AEmployeeCount:
      LongInt);
    procedure LoadFromStream(Stream: TStream); override;
    procedure SaveToStream(Stream: TStream); override;
    property Name: string read FName write FName;
    property Revenues: Currency read FRevenues write FRevenues;
    property EmployeeCount: LongInt read FEmployeeCount write FEmployeeCount;
  end;

  TStreamableList = class(TStreamableObject)
  private
    FItems: TObjectList;
    function Get_Count: LongInt;
    function Get_Objects(Index: LongInt): TStreamableObject;
  public
    constructor Create;
    destructor Destroy; override;
    function FindClass(const AClassName: string): TStreamableObjectClass;
    procedure Add(Item: TStreamableObject);
    procedure Delete(Index: LongInt);
    procedure Clear;
    procedure LoadFromStream(Stream: TStream); override;
    procedure SaveToStream(Stream: TStream); override;
    property Objects[Index: LongInt]: TStreamableObject read Get_Objects;
      default;
    property Count: LongInt read Get_Count;
  end;

  TForm1 = class(TForm)
    SaveButton: TButton;
    LoadButton: TButton;
    procedure SaveButtonClick(Sender: TObject);
    procedure LoadButtonClick(Sender: TObject);
    procedure FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
  private
    { Private declarations }
  public
    Path: string;
  end;

var
  Form1: TForm1;

implementation

{$R *.DFM}

resourcestring
  DEFAULT_FILENAME = 'test.dat';

procedure TForm1.SaveButtonClick(Sender: TObject);
var
  List: TStreamableList;
  Stream: TStream;
begin
  List := TStreamableList.Create;
  try
    List.Add(TPerson.Create('Rick Rogers', StrToDate('05/20/68')));
    List.Add(TCompany.Create('Fenestra', 1000000, 7));
    Stream := TFileStream.Create(Path + DEFAULT_FILENAME, fmCreate);
    try
      List.SaveToStream(Stream);
    finally
      Stream.Free;
    end;
  finally
    List.Free;
  end;
end;

{ TPerson }

constructor TPerson.Create(const AName: string; ABirthDate: TDateTime);
begin
  inherited Create;
  FName := AName;
  FBirthDate := ABirthDate;
end;

procedure TPerson.LoadFromStream(Stream: TStream);
begin
  FName := ReadString(Stream);
  FBirthDate := ReadDateTime(Stream);
end;

procedure TPerson.SaveToStream(Stream: TStream);
begin
  WriteString(Stream, FName);
  WriteDateTime(Stream, FBirthDate);
end;

{ TStreamableList }

procedure TStreamableList.Add(Item: TStreamableObject);
begin
  FItems.Add(Item);
end;

procedure TStreamableList.Clear;
begin
  FItems.Clear;
end;

constructor TStreamableList.Create;
begin
  FItems := TObjectList.Create;
end;

procedure TStreamableList.Delete(Index: LongInt);
begin
  FItems.Delete(Index);
end;

destructor TStreamableList.Destroy;
begin
  FItems.Free;
  inherited;
end;

function TStreamableList.FindClass(const AClassName: string):
  TStreamableObjectClass;
begin
  Result := TStreamableObjectClass(Classes.FindClass(AClassName));
end;

function TStreamableList.Get_Count: LongInt;
begin
  Result := FItems.Count;
end;

function TStreamableList.Get_Objects(Index: LongInt): TStreamableObject;
begin
  Result := FItems[Index] as TStreamableObject;
end;

procedure TStreamableList.LoadFromStream(Stream: TStream);
var
  StreamCount: LongInt;
  I: Integer;
  S: string;
  ClassRef: TStreamableObjectClass;
begin
  StreamCount := ReadLongInt(Stream);
  for I := 0 to StreamCount - 1 do
  begin
    S := ReadClassName(Stream);
    ClassRef := FindClass(S);
    Add(ClassRef.CreateFromStream(Stream));
  end;
end;

procedure TStreamableList.SaveToStream(Stream: TStream);
var
  I: Integer;
begin
  WriteLongInt(Stream, Count);
  for I := 0 to Count - 1 do
  begin
    WriteClassName(Stream, Objects[I].ClassName);
    Objects[I].SaveToStream(Stream);
  end;
end;

{ TStreamableObject }

constructor TStreamableObject.CreateFromStream(Stream: TStream);
begin
  inherited Create;
  LoadFromStream(Stream);
end;

function TStreamableObject.ReadClassName(Stream: TStream): ShortString;
begin
  Result := ReadString(Stream);
end;

function TStreamableObject.ReadCurrency(Stream: TStream): Currency;
begin
  Stream.Read(Result, SizeOf(Currency));
end;

function TStreamableObject.ReadDateTime(Stream: TStream): TDateTime;
begin
  Stream.Read(Result, SizeOf(TDateTime));
end;

function TStreamableObject.ReadLongInt(Stream: TStream): LongInt;
begin
  Stream.Read(Result, SizeOf(LongInt));
end;

function TStreamableObject.ReadString(Stream: TStream): string;
var
  L: LongInt;
begin
  L := ReadLongInt(Stream);
  SetLength(Result, L);
  Stream.Read(Result[1], L);
end;

procedure TStreamableObject.WriteClassName(Stream: TStream; const Value:
  ShortString);
begin
  WriteString(Stream, Value);
end;

procedure TStreamableObject.WriteCurrency(Stream: TStream; const Value:
  Currency);
begin
  Stream.Write(Value, SizeOf(Currency));
end;

procedure TStreamableObject.WriteDateTime(Stream: TStream; const Value:
  TDateTime);
begin
  Stream.Write(Value, SizeOf(TDateTime));
end;

procedure TStreamableObject.WriteLongInt(Stream: TStream; const Value: LongInt);
begin
  Stream.Write(Value, SizeOf(LongInt));
end;

procedure TStreamableObject.WriteString(Stream: TStream; const Value: string);
var
  L: LongInt;
begin
  L := Length(Value);
  WriteLongInt(Stream, L);
  Stream.Write(Value[1], L);
end;

{ TCompany }

constructor TCompany.Create(const AName: string; ARevenues: Currency;
  AEmployeeCount: Integer);
begin
  FName := AName;
  FRevenues := ARevenues;
  FEmployeeCount := AEmployeeCount;
end;

procedure TCompany.LoadFromStream(Stream: TStream);
begin
  FName := ReadString(Stream);
  FRevenues := ReadCurrency(Stream);
  FEmployeeCount := ReadLongInt(Stream);
end;

procedure TCompany.SaveToStream(Stream: TStream);
begin
  WriteString(Stream, FName);
  WriteCurrency(Stream, FRevenues);
  WriteLongInt(Stream, FEmployeeCount);
end;

procedure TForm1.LoadButtonClick(Sender: TObject);
var
  List: TStreamableList;
  Stream: TStream;
  Instance: TStreamableObject;
  I: Integer;
begin
  Stream := TFileStream.Create(Path + DEFAULT_FILENAME, fmOpenRead);
  try
    List := TStreamableList.Create;
    try
      List.LoadFromStream(Stream);
      for I := 0 to List.Count - 1 do
      begin
        Instance := List[I];
        if Instance is TPerson then
          ShowMessage(TPerson(Instance).Name);
        if Instance is TCompany then
          ShowMessage(TCompany(Instance).Name);
      end;
    finally
      List.Free;
    end;
  finally
    Stream.Free;
  end;
end;

procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);
begin
  Path := ExtractFilePath(Application.ExeName);
end;

initialization
  RegisterClasses([TPerson, TCompany]);

end.





Copyright © 2004-2016 "Delphi Sources". Delphi World FAQ




Группа ВКонтакте   Ссылка на Twitter   Группа на Facebook