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Почти полный аналог метода SendKeys из VB



Автор: Ken Henderson


(*
SendKeys routine for 32-bit Delphi.

Written by Ken Henderson

Copyright (c) 1995 Ken Henderson     email:khen@compuserve.com

This unit includes two routines that simulate popular Visual Basic
routines: Sendkeys and AppActivate.  SendKeys takes a PChar
as its first parameter and a boolean as its second, like so:

SendKeys('KeyString', Wait);

where KeyString is a string of key names and modifiers that you want
to send to the current input focus and Wait is a boolean variable or value
that indicates whether SendKeys should wait for each key message to be
processed before proceeding.  See the table below for more information.

AppActivate also takes a PChar as its only parameter, like so:

AppActivate('WindowName');

where WindowName is the name of the window that you want to make the
current input focus.

SendKeys supports the Visual Basic SendKeys syntax, as documented below.

Supported modifiers:

+ = Shift
^ = Control
% = Alt

Surround sequences of characters or key names with parentheses in order to
modify them as a group.  For example, '+abc' shifts only 'a', while  '+(abc)' shifts
all three characters.

Supported special characters

~ = Enter
( = begin modifier group (see above)
) = end modifier group (see above)
{ = begin key name text (see below)
} = end key name text (see below)

Supported characters:

Any character that can be typed is supported.  Surround the modifier keys
listed above with braces in order to send as normal text.

Supported key names (surround these with braces):

BKSP, BS, BACKSPACE
BREAK
CAPSLOCK
CLEAR
DEL
DELETE
DOWN
END
ENTER
ESC
ESCAPE
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
F13
F14
F15
F16
HELP
HOME
INS
LEFT
NUMLOCK
PGDN
PGUP
PRTSC
RIGHT
SCROLLLOCK
TAB
UP

Follow the keyname with a space and a number to send the specified key a
given number of times (e.g., {left 6}).
*)

unit sndkey32;

interface

Uses SysUtils, Windows, Messages;

Function SendKeys(SendKeysString : PChar; Wait : Boolean) : Boolean;
function AppActivate(WindowName : PChar) : boolean;

{Buffer for working with PChar's}

const
  WorkBufLen = 40;
var
  WorkBuf : array[0..WorkBufLen] of Char;

implementation
type
  THKeys = array[0..pred(MaxLongInt)] of byte;
var
  AllocationSize : integer;

(*
Converts a string of characters and key names to keyboard events and
passes them to Windows.

Example syntax:

SendKeys('abc123{left}{left}{left}def{end}456{left 6}ghi{end}789', True);

*)

Function SendKeys(SendKeysString : PChar; Wait : Boolean) : Boolean;
type
  WBytes = array[0..pred(SizeOf(Word))] of Byte;

  TSendKey = record
    Name : ShortString;
    VKey : Byte;
  end;

const
  {Array of keys that SendKeys recognizes.

  If you add to this list, you must be sure to keep it sorted alphabetically
  by Name because a binary search routine is used to scan it.}

  MaxSendKeyRecs = 41;
  SendKeyRecs : array[1..MaxSendKeyRecs] of TSendKey =
  (
   (Name:'BKSP';            VKey:VK_BACK),
   (Name:'BS';              VKey:VK_BACK),
   (Name:'BACKSPACE';       VKey:VK_BACK),
   (Name:'BREAK';           VKey:VK_CANCEL),
   (Name:'CAPSLOCK';        VKey:VK_CAPITAL),
   (Name:'CLEAR';           VKey:VK_CLEAR),
   (Name:'DEL';             VKey:VK_DELETE),
   (Name:'DELETE';          VKey:VK_DELETE),
   (Name:'DOWN';            VKey:VK_DOWN),
   (Name:'END';             VKey:VK_END),
   (Name:'ENTER';           VKey:VK_RETURN),
   (Name:'ESC';             VKey:VK_ESCAPE),
   (Name:'ESCAPE';          VKey:VK_ESCAPE),
   (Name:'F1';              VKey:VK_F1),
   (Name:'F10';             VKey:VK_F10),
   (Name:'F11';             VKey:VK_F11),
   (Name:'F12';             VKey:VK_F12),
   (Name:'F13';             VKey:VK_F13),
   (Name:'F14';             VKey:VK_F14),
   (Name:'F15';             VKey:VK_F15),
   (Name:'F16';             VKey:VK_F16),
   (Name:'F2';              VKey:VK_F2),
   (Name:'F3';              VKey:VK_F3),
   (Name:'F4';              VKey:VK_F4),
   (Name:'F5';              VKey:VK_F5),
   (Name:'F6';              VKey:VK_F6),
   (Name:'F7';              VKey:VK_F7),
   (Name:'F8';              VKey:VK_F8),
   (Name:'F9';              VKey:VK_F9),
   (Name:'HELP';            VKey:VK_HELP),
   (Name:'HOME';            VKey:VK_HOME),
   (Name:'INS';             VKey:VK_INSERT),
   (Name:'LEFT';            VKey:VK_LEFT),
   (Name:'NUMLOCK';         VKey:VK_NUMLOCK),
   (Name:'PGDN';            VKey:VK_NEXT),
   (Name:'PGUP';            VKey:VK_PRIOR),
   (Name:'PRTSC';           VKey:VK_PRINT),
   (Name:'RIGHT';           VKey:VK_RIGHT),
   (Name:'SCROLLLOCK';      VKey:VK_SCROLL),
   (Name:'TAB';             VKey:VK_TAB),
   (Name:'UP';              VKey:VK_UP)
  );

  {Extra VK constants missing from Delphi's Windows API interface}
  VK_NULL=0;
  VK_SemiColon=186;
  VK_Equal=187;
  VK_Comma=188;
  VK_Minus=189;
  VK_Period=190;
  VK_Slash=191;
  VK_BackQuote=192;
  VK_LeftBracket=219;
  VK_BackSlash=220;
  VK_RightBracket=221;
  VK_Quote=222;
  VK_Last=VK_Quote;

  ExtendedVKeys : set of byte =
  [VK_Up,
   VK_Down,
   VK_Left,
   VK_Right,
   VK_Home,
   VK_End,
   VK_Prior,  {PgUp}
   VK_Next,   {PgDn}
   VK_Insert,
   VK_Delete];

const
  INVALIDKEY = $FFFF {Unsigned -1};
  VKKEYSCANSHIFTON = $01;
  VKKEYSCANCTRLON = $02;
  VKKEYSCANALTON = $04;
  UNITNAME = 'SendKeys';
var
  UsingParens, ShiftDown, ControlDown, AltDown, FoundClose : Boolean;
  PosSpace : Byte;
  I, L : Integer;
  NumTimes, MKey : Word;
  KeyString : String[20];

procedure DisplayMessage(Message : PChar);
begin
  MessageBox(0,Message,UNITNAME,0);
end;

function BitSet(BitTable, BitMask : Byte) : Boolean;
begin
  Result:=ByteBool(BitTable and BitMask);
end;

procedure SetBit(var BitTable : Byte; BitMask : Byte);
begin
  BitTable:=BitTable or Bitmask;
end;

procedure KeyboardEvent(VKey, ScanCode : Byte; Flags : Longint);
var
  KeyboardMsg : TMsg;
begin
  keybd_event(VKey, ScanCode, Flags,0);
  If (Wait) then While (PeekMessage(KeyboardMsg,0,WM_KEYFIRST, WM_KEYLAST, PM_REMOVE)) do begin
    TranslateMessage(KeyboardMsg);
    DispatchMessage(KeyboardMsg);
  end;
end;

procedure SendKeyDown(VKey: Byte; NumTimes : Word; GenUpMsg : Boolean);
var
  Cnt : Word;
  ScanCode : Byte;
  NumState : Boolean;
  KeyBoardState : TKeyboardState;
begin
  If (VKey=VK_NUMLOCK) then begin
    NumState:=ByteBool(GetKeyState(VK_NUMLOCK) and 1);
    GetKeyBoardState(KeyBoardState);
    If NumState then KeyBoardState[VK_NUMLOCK]:=(KeyBoardState[VK_NUMLOCK] and not 1)
    else KeyBoardState[VK_NUMLOCK]:=(KeyBoardState[VK_NUMLOCK] or 1);
    SetKeyBoardState(KeyBoardState);
    exit;
  end;

  ScanCode:=Lo(MapVirtualKey(VKey,0));
  For Cnt:=1 to NumTimes do
    If (VKey in ExtendedVKeys)then begin
      KeyboardEvent(VKey, ScanCode, KEYEVENTF_EXTENDEDKEY);
      If (GenUpMsg) then
        KeyboardEvent(VKey, ScanCode, KEYEVENTF_EXTENDEDKEY or KEYEVENTF_KEYUP)
    end  else begin
      KeyboardEvent(VKey, ScanCode, 0);
      If (GenUpMsg) then KeyboardEvent(VKey, ScanCode, KEYEVENTF_KEYUP);
    end;
end;

procedure SendKeyUp(VKey: Byte);
var
  ScanCode : Byte;
begin
  ScanCode:=Lo(MapVirtualKey(VKey,0));
  If (VKey in ExtendedVKeys)then
    KeyboardEvent(VKey, Sca
  else KeyboardEvent(VKey, ScanCode, KEYEVENTF_KEYUP);
end;

procedure SendKey(MKey: Word; NumTimes : Word; GenDownMsg : Boolean);
begin
  If (BitSet(Hi(MKey),VKKEYSCANSHIFTON)) then SendKeyDown(VK_SHIFT,1,False);
  If (BitSet(Hi(MKey),VKKEYSCANCTRLON)) then SendKeyDown(VK_CONTROL,1,False);
  If (BitSet(Hi(MKey),VKKEYSCANALTON)) then SendKeyDown(VK_MENU,1,False);
  SendKeyDown(Lo(MKey), NumTimes, GenDownMsg);
  If (BitSet(Hi(MKey),VKKEYSCANSHIFTON)) then SendKeyUp(VK_SHIFT);
  If (BitSet(Hi(MKey),VKKEYSCANCTRLON)) then SendKeyUp(VK_CONTROL);
  If (BitSet(Hi(MKey),VKKEYSCANALTON)) then SendKeyUp(VK_MENU);
end;

{Implements a simple binary search to locate special key name strings}

function StringToVKey(KeyString : ShortString) : Word;
var
  Found, Collided : Boolean;
  Bottom, Top, Middle : Byte;
begin
  Result:=INVALIDKEY;
  Bottom:=1;
  Top:=MaxSendKeyRecs;
  Found:=false;
  Middle:=(Bottom+Top) div 2;
  Repeat
    Collided:=((Bottom=Middle) or (Top=Middle));
    If (KeyString=SendKeyRecs[Middle].Name) then begin
       Found:=True;
       Result:=SendKeyRecs[Middle].VKey;
    end  else begin
       If (KeyString>SendKeyRecs[Middle].Name) then Bottom:=Middle
       else Top:=Middle;
       Middle:=(Succ(Bottom+Top)) div 2;
    end;
  Until (Found or Collided);
  If (Result=INVALIDKEY) then DisplayMessage('Invalid Key Name');
end;

procedure PopUpShiftKeys;
begin
  If (not UsingParens) then begin
    If ShiftDown then SendKeyUp(VK_SHIFT);
    If ControlDown then SendKeyUp(VK_CONTROL);
    If AltDown then SendKeyUp(VK_MENU);
    ShiftDown:=false;
    ControlDown:=false;
    AltDown:=false;
  end;
end;

begin
  AllocationSize:=MaxInt;
  Result:=false;
  UsingParens:=false;
  ShiftDown:=false;
  ControlDown:=false;
  AltDown:=false;
  I:=0;
  L:=StrLen(SendKeysString);
  If (L>AllocationSize) then L:=AllocationSize;
  If (L=0) then Exit;

  while  (Ibegin
    case SendKeysString[I] of
    '(' : begin
            UsingParens:=True;
            Inc(I);
          end;
    ')' : begin
            UsingParens:=False;
            PopUpShiftKeys;
            Inc(I);
          end;
    '%' : begin
             AltDown:=True;
             SendKeyDown(VK_MENU,1,False);
             Inc(I);
          end;
    '+' :  begin
             ShiftDown:=True;
             SendKeyDown(VK_SHIFT,1,False);
             Inc(I);
           end;
    '^' :  begin
             ControlDown:=True;
             SendKeyDown(VK_CONTROL,1,False);
             Inc(I);
           end;
    '{' : begin
            NumTimes:=1;
            If (SendKeysString[Succ(I)]='{') then begin
              MKey:=VK_LEFTBRACKET;
              SetBit(Wbytes(MKey)[1],VKKEYSCANSHIFTON);
              SendKey(MKey,1,True);
              PopUpShiftKeys;
              Inc(I,3);
              Continue;
            end;
            KeyString:='';
            FoundClose:=False;
            while  (I<=L) do begin
              Inc(I);
              If (SendKeysString[I]='}') then begin
                FoundClose:=True;
                Inc(I);
                Break;
              end;
              KeyString:=KeyString+Upcase(SendKeysString[I]);
            end;
            If (Not FoundClose) then begin
               DisplayMessage('No Close');
               Exit;
            end;
            If (SendKeysString[I]='}') then begin
              MKey:=VK_RIGHTBRACKET;
              SetBit(Wbytes(MKey)[1],VKKEYSCANSHIFTON);
              SendKey(MKey,1,True);
              PopUpShiftKeys;
              Inc(I);
              Continue;
            end;
            PosSpace:=Pos(' ',KeyString);
            If (PosSpace<>0) then begin
               NumTimes:=StrToInt(Copy(KeyString,Succ(PosSpace),Length(KeyString)-PosSpace));
               KeyString:=Copy(KeyString,1,Pred(PosSpace));
            end;
            If (Length(KeyString)=1) then MKey:=vkKeyScan(KeyString[1])
            else MKey:=StringToVKey(KeyString);
            If (MKey<>INVALIDKEY) then begin
              SendKey(MKey,NumTimes,True);
              PopUpShiftKeys;
              Continue;
            end;
          end;
    '~' : begin
            SendKeyDown(VK_RETURN,1,True);
            PopUpShiftKeys;
            Inc(I);
          end;
    else  begin
             MKey:=vkKeyScan(SendKeysString[I]);
             If (MKey<>INVALIDKEY) then begin
               SendKey(MKey,1,True);
               PopUpShiftKeys;
             end else DisplayMessage('Invalid KeyName');
             Inc(I);
          end;
    end;
  end;
  Result:=true;
  PopUpShiftKeys;
end;

{AppActivate

This is used to set the current input focus to a given window using its
name.  This is especially useful for ensuring a window is active before
sending it input messages using the SendKeys function.  You can specify
a window's name in its entirety, or only portion of it, beginning from
the left.

}

var
  WindowHandle : HWND;

function EnumWindowsProc(WHandle: HWND; lParam: LPARAM): BOOL; export; stdcall;
const
  MAX_WINDOW_NAME_LEN = 80;
var
  WindowName : array[0..MAX_WINDOW_NAME_LEN] of char;
begin
  {Can't test GetWindowText's return value since some windows don't have a title}
  GetWindowText(WHandle,WindowName,MAX_WINDOW_NAME_LEN);
  Result := (StrLIComp(WindowName,PChar(lParam), StrLen(PChar(lParam))) <> 0);
  If (not Result) then WindowHandle:=WHandle;
end;

function AppActivate(WindowName : PChar) : boolean;
begin
  try
    Result:=true;
    WindowHandle:=FindWindow(nil,WindowName);
    If (WindowHandle=0) then EnumWindows(@EnumWindowsProc,Integer(PChar(WindowName)));
    If (WindowHandle<>0) then begin
      SendMessage(WindowHandle, WM_SYSCOMMAND, SC_HOTKEY, WindowHandle);
      SendMessage(WindowHandle, WM_SYSCOMMAND, SC_RESTORE, WindowHandle);
    end else Result:=false;
  except
    on Exception do Result:=false;
  end;
end;

end.






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