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Получить информацию о WAV файле




unit W32Waves; 
{ Unit for accessing Windows PCM wave file informations 
  By Ulli Conrad <uconrad@gmx.net> } 

interface 

uses SysUtils, Windows, MMSystem, Dialogs; 

type 
  PWaveInformation = ^tWaveInformation; 
  TWaveInformation = record 
    WaveFormat: Word;         { Wave format identifier } 
    Channels: Word;         { Mono=1, Stereo=2 } 
    SampleRate: Longint;      { Sample rate in Hertz } 
    BitsPerSample: Word;         { Resolution, e.g. 8 or 16 Bit } 
    SamplesNumber: Longint;      { Number of samples } 
    Length: Extended;     { Sample length in seconds } 
    ValidWave: bool;         { Specifies if the file could be read } 
  end; 

const                            { Constants for wave format identifier } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_PCM = $0001;   { Windows PCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_G723_ADPCM = $0014;   { Antex ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_ANTEX_ADPCME = $0033;   { Antex ADPCME } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_G721_ADPCM = $0040;   { Antex ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_APTX = $0025;   { Audio Processing Technology } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_AUDIOFILE_AF36 = $0024;   { Audiofile, Inc. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_AUDIOFILE_AF10 = $0026;   { Audiofile, Inc. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_CONTROL_RES_VQLPC = $0034;   { Control Resources Limited } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_CONTROL_RES_CR10 = $0037;   { Control Resources Limited } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_CREATIVE_ADPCM = $0200;   { Creative ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_DOLBY_AC2 = $0030;   { Dolby Laboratories } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_DSPGROUP_TRUESPEECH = $0022;   { DSP Group, Inc } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_DIGISTD = $0015;   { DSP Solutions, Inc. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_DIGIFIX = $0016;   { DSP Solutions, Inc. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_DIGIREAL = $0035;   { DSP Solutions, Inc. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_DIGIADPCM = $0036;   { DSP Solutions ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_ECHOSC1 = $0023;   { Echo Speech Corporation } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_FM_TOWNS_SND = $0300;   { Fujitsu Corp. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_IBM_CVSD = $0005;   { IBM Corporation } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_OLIGSM = $1000;   { Ing C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_OLIADPCM = $1001;   { Ing C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_OLICELP = $1002;   { Ing C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_OLISBC = $1003;   { Ing C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_OLIOPR = $1004;   { Ing C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A. } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_IMA_ADPCM = $0011;   { Intel ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_DVI_ADPCM = $0011;   { Intel ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_UNKNOWN = $0000; 
  WAVE_FORMAT_ADPCM = $0002;   { Microsoft ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_ALAW = $0006;   { Microsoft Corporation } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_MULAW = $0007;   { Microsoft Corporation } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_GSM610 = $0031;   { Microsoft Corporation } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_MPEG = $0050;   { Microsoft Corporation } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_NMS_VBXADPCM = $0038;   { Natural MicroSystems ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_OKI_ADPCM = $0010;   { OKI ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_SIERRA_ADPCM = $0013;   { Sierra ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_SONARC = $0021;   { Speech Compression } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_MEDIASPACE_ADPCM = $0012;   { Videologic ADPCM } 
  WAVE_FORMAT_YAMAHA_ADPCM = $0020;   { Yamaha ADPCM } 

function GetWaveInformationFromFile(FileName: string; Info: pWaveInformation): bool; 

implementation 

type 
  TCommWaveFmtHeader = record 
    wFormatTag: Word;                  { Fixed, must be 1 } 
    nChannels: Word;                  { Mono=1, Stereo=2 } 
    nSamplesPerSec: Longint;               { SampleRate in Hertz } 
    nAvgBytesPerSec: Longint; 
    nBlockAlign: Word; 
    nBitsPerSample: Word;                  { Resolution, e.g. 8 or 16 } 
    cbSize: Longint;               { Size of extra information in the extended fmt Header } 
  end; 

function GetWaveInformationFromFile(FileName: string; Info: pWaveInformation): bool; 
var 
  hdmmio: HMMIO; 
  mmckinfoParent: TMMCKInfo; 
  mmckinfoSubchunk: TMMCKInfo; 
  Fmt: TCommWaveFmtHeader; 
  Samples: Longint; 
begin 
  Result := False; 
  FillChar(Info^, SizeOf(TWaveInformation), #0); { Initialize first } 
  hdmmio := mmioOpen(PChar(FileName), nil, MMIO_READ); 
  if (hdmmio = 0) then 
    Exit; 
      {* Locate a 'RIFF' chunk with a 'WAVE' form type 
       * to make sure it's a WAVE file. 
       *} 
  mmckinfoParent.fccType := mmioStringToFOURCC('WAVE', MMIO_TOUPPER); 
  if (mmioDescend(hdmmio, PMMCKINFO(@mmckinfoParent), nil, MMIO_FINDRIFF) <> 0) then 
    Exit; 
      {* Now, find the format chunk (form type 'fmt '). It should be 
       * a subchunk of the 'RIFF' parent chunk. 
       *} 
  mmckinfoSubchunk.ckid := mmioStringToFOURCC('fmt ', 0); 
  if (mmioDescend(hdmmio, @mmckinfoSubchunk, @mmckinfoParent, MMIO_FINDCHUNK) <> 0) then 
    Exit; 

  // Read the format chunk. 
  if (mmioRead(hdmmio, PChar(@fmt), Longint(SizeOf(TCommWaveFmtHeader))) <> 
    Longint(SizeOf(TCommWaveFmtHeader))) then 
    Exit; 
  Info^.WaveFormat    := fmt.wFormatTag; 
  Info^.Channels      := fmt.nChannels; 
  Info^.SampleRate    := fmt.nSamplesPerSec; 
  Info^.BitsPerSample := fmt.nBitsPerSample; 
  mmioAscend(hdmmio, @mmckinfoSubchunk, 0); // Ascend out of the format subchunk. 
  mmckinfoSubchunk.ckid := mmioStringToFOURCC('data', 0); // Find the data subchunk. 
  if (mmioDescend(hdmmio, @mmckinfoSubchunk, @mmckinfoParent, MMIO_FINDCHUNK) <> 0) then 
    Exit; 
  Info^.SamplesNumber := mmckinfoSubchunk.cksize; // Get the size of the data subchunk. 

  Samples      := (Info^.SamplesNumber * 8 * Info^.Channels) div Info^.BitsPerSample; 
  Info^.Length := Samples / Info^.Samplerate; 
  mmioClose(hdmmio, 0); // We're done with the file, close it. 
  Info^.ValidWave := True; 
  Result          := True; 
end; 
end.






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